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Answer – Questions following Global Witness report on Zimbabwe diamond sector and possible violations of EU measures – E-005778/2017

1. As Chair of Kimberley Process (KP) in 2018, the EU will be responsible for continuing the review cycle which was launched in 2017. During the last review cycle in 2012, the EU supported the expansion of its current mandate to enable the KP to address wider situations of conflict and violence. As Chair, the EU will facilitate debate within the KP on the possible broadening of its mandate, however any change will require consensus of all participants. 2. In 2012, the KP lifted special measures as regards Zimbabwe and since then Zimbabwe has been able to export rough diamonds under the monitoring framework established by the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme. The Commission has not received information suggesting that diamond sales in 2013 and 2014 resulted in funds or economic resources being made available to persons or entities subject to EU restrictive measures. Responsibility for enforcing the EU restrictive measures lies with the Member States.3. The EU provides funding for a project to support electoral operations in Zimbabwe.(1) The main objective is to enhance the capacity of the national Electoral Commission to deliver free, inclusive and credible elections. It also aims to strengthen civil society to perform its oversight role on electoral matters and to observe elections impartially and professionally. It also enables comprehensive civic and voter education for all citizens, particularly women and marginalised groups. Moreover, concerns related to elections, including intimidation, are systematically raised in regular dialogue between the EU Delegation and the national authorities, including the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission.

(1) ‘Support to the consolidation of the democratic process in Zimbabwe’.