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Worldwide, resistance and alternatives to free trade

29/11/2016

European Parliament, Brussels, 7 December 2016, 14:30, room ASP1G2 | Followed by three workshops for the follow-up, on 8 December at 09:30 and a short plenary from 11:30 to 13:00.

Worldwide, resistance and alternatives to free trade

Worldwide, resistance and alternatives to free trade

European Parliament, Brussels, 7 December 2016, 14:30, room ASP1G2

(Interpretation: FR, DE, IT, NL, EN, DA, EL, ES, PT, FI, SV, CS)

Introductory words: Gabi Zimmer, President GUE/NGL

Panel 1:  Why we oppose free trade deals, lessons from different parts  of the world:

Moderated by MEP Stelios Kouloglou, Greece

- Jane Nalunga, Southern & Eastern Africa Trade Information & Negotiations Institute (SEATINI), Uganda

- Celeste Drake, AFL-CIO - America’s Unions, USA

- Luciana Ghiotto, Attac:TNI, Argentina

- Toni Salvador, Philippine campaign, The Philippines

Panel 2:   Building alternatives to FTAs:

Moderated by MEP Eleonora Forenza, Italy

- Emiliano Brancaccio, Sanio University, Italy

- Manuel Perez-Rocha, Institute for Policy Studies, Washington

- Representative of the Consumers Union of Japan

- Sergi Corbalan, Fair Trade Advocacy Office

Panel 3:  The way forward to consolidate alternatives

Moderated by MEP Helmut Scholz, Germany

-  Ana Cazzini, Campact anti-TTIP campaign, Germany

- Jorge Marchini, Fundación para la integración Latinoam. /CADTM AYNA, Argentina

-  Delmah Ndhlovu, Zimbabwe Small holder Organic Farmers Forum, Via Campesina

-  Adriana Espinosa, Universidad Carlos III, Spain

Concluding words

-  Brid Brenan, Transnational Institute (TNI), Amsterdam

Followed by three workshops (see registration form) for the follow-up, on 8 December at 09:30 and a short plenary from 11:30 to 13:00.

Conference

The current debate over CETA and TTIP in Europe, the Brexit vote in the United Kingdom, and the federal election campaign in the United States, among others, have highlighted how many people, in the both Southern and Northern  countries as well, are deeply concerned about free trade.

Deals like TTIP, CETA, TPP, TiSA, the EPAs, and EU bilateral free trade deals with Japan, Tunisia, Singapore, Mercosur (...) are facilitating an unprecedented level of power for multinational companies; the concentration of wealth among ‘the one per cent’; the liberalisation of public goods and services; an absurd division of labour; the ‘race to the bottom’ of endless and senseless competition; and favouring foreign investors. The neoliberal model of trade and economics is offering no future for those who cannot fit into this model or those who don’t accept exploitation and environmental destruction.

The more these deals and their consequences are imposed on people, the more opposition grows. While the far right is attempting to capitalise politically on this discontent without providing any credible and democratic solutions, progressive organisations and individuals are building real alternatives and fairer approaches to trade are rapidly expanding.

Across all continents, social movements and progressive political forces are organising more and more effectively against free trade agreements, the power of corporations and speculative investors. Millions of people are standing up to defend public health; public services; democracy; cultural diversity; sustainable and autonomous energy; small, medium and cooperative farming; the precautionary principle; the commons; the right of all countries to protect sensitive sectors of their economies; and the free movement of people. Millions of fair and sustainable alternatives based on principle of democracy and solidarity are emerging to replace the current unfair trade model.

GUE/NGL is organising this Conference to facilitate dialogue and coordination among the organisations and individuals who are resisting free trade and building better alternatives for people and for the planet.  

Registration: HERE                       Contact : paul-emile.dupret@europarl.europa.eu

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MEMO: Takeaways of the Assembly of the International Civil Aviation Organisation

What are the main takeaways of the 39th ICAO Assembly?

The Assembly agreed to the following points:

  1. The establishment of a Global Market Based Measure (GMBM) to offset international aviation CO2 emissions.
  2. The prevention of risks arising from conflict zones
  3. The interaction between national, regional and global rules on drones
  4. The adoption of a CO2 standard for aircraft emissions
  5. Progress towards sustainable global air transport
  1. GLOBAL MARKET-BASED MEASURE (GMBM)

What is the issue?

The global aviation industry currently accounts for around 2% of all human-induced CO2 emissions but, in view of projected growth in traffic, these emissions are expected to increase fast and are set to rise by almost 300% over the next decades, unless adequate action is taken. The objective of developing a GMBM was agreed in the ICAO Assembly in 2013, but became even more imperative after the signal sent by the international community with the adoption of the Paris Agreement last year.

What happened at the Assembly?

On 7 October, the ICAO Assembly adopted a Resolution for the establishment of Global Market Based Measure to offset CO2 emissions from international aviation and contribute to the carbon neutral growth of the sector from 2020 onwards. This is the first-ever agreement to address CO2 emissions in a global sector of the economy. ICAO will now have to follow up on the Assembly Resolution and lay down the detailed technical rules which will be the basis for all participating States to make the necessary rules to put the system in place at national level.

How will the GMBM work in practice?

The Global Market-Based Measure will compensate for the CO2 emissions generated by international aviation activities above 2020 levels. This should enable carbon neutral growth over time. In other words, an increase of emissions above the set level must be offset. The emitter (airline) would need to buy and surrender "emission units" generated by projects in other sectors that will reduce CO2 emissions.

The GMBM in practice

When will the GMBM start to operate?

During the pilot phase and Phase I (2021-2026), participation of states will be on a voluntary basis. Routes between 65 states that have already announced that they will opt-in from the beginning of Phase I will be covered. Participation of states in the GMBM will become mandatory in Phase II (as of 2027). Exemptions will then apply for some states (small islands developing states, least developed countries, land-locked developing countries and states representing a small share of aviation activities).

However, this is a system based on the aviation market size, not on the number of participants around the world. By representing a big portion of the market, the countries opting in from Phase I potentially cover 80% of all international aviation emissions.

GMBM coverage

What are the 65 States that will participate in Phase I?

These are: Albania, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Canada , China, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Hungary Iceland, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kenia, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxemburg, Malaysia, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mexico, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Papua New Guinea, Poland Portugal, Qatar, Romania, San Marino, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom and the United States of America

Which states will remain exempted after 2027?

Exemptions are based on objective and commonly agreed criteria:

  • Small Islands Developing States, e.g. Cape Verde, Haiti or Tuvalu.
  • Least Developed Countries, e.g. Afghanistan, Burkina Faso or Myanmar.
  • Landlocked Developing Countries, e.g. Niger, Turkmenistan or Zimbabwe.
  • Countries with small aviation activities ('de minimis') e.g. Venezuela, Senegal, Lebanon or Pakistan.

However nothing precludes these countries to opt-in to the GMBM nonetheless.

Is the EU satisfied with the GMBM?

In line with its ambitious climate policy and the climate goals agreed under the Paris Agreement, the EU was always fully committed to reaching agreement on a robust and effective Global Market-Based Measure (GMBM) at the ICAO Assembly. This deal represents a positive first step forward to address international aviation emissions, which is imperative to keep the global temperature rise well-below 2 degrees Celsius as agreed in Paris. Now, the job is not over yet: key design elements will need to be developed, its environmental integrity fully secured, properly implemented and enhanced over time to make a meaningful contribution to climate change mitigation.

Assuming the above, the GMBM would achieve around 80% of carbon neutral growth. This means around 80% of the emissions above 2020 levels will be offset by the scheme between 2021 and 2035.

What is the consequence for the EU ETS aviation stop the clock?

The EU Emissions Trading System ("EU ETS") is the cornerstone of the EU climate policy. It is applicable since 2005 and aviation is included in its scope since 2012. However, in 2013, the scope was temporarily reduced to cover only intra-European flights in order to allow for a global agreement to be reached at ICAO ("stop the clock").

Following the agreement reached by the ICAO Assembly in Montreal on 6 October 2016, and in accordance with EU ETS legislation (Article 28a of Directive 2003/87/EC), the Commission will, in the coming months, report back to the European Parliament and the Council on the outcome of the Assembly. The Commission may, if appropriate, propose changes to the scope of the EU ETS for aviation, considering the necessary consistency with EU 2030 climate objective and policy. As Commissioner Bulc said, "The deal we have on the table is a good one – a good one for Europe - and a good one for world. It is in this spirit that we will move ahead".

What is the difference between the GMBM and the EU ETS?

While both are market-based measures addressing aviation emissions, there are some important differences between them. For instance, the EU ETS is a ‘cap and trade' scheme, which means that emissions cannot increase beyond a certain amount (cap). The GMBM on the other hand is an 'offsetting scheme' where emissions can grow without limit as far as they are compensated with offsets. The level of ambition (climate objective and associated baseline) and the type of units are other relevant differences.

  1. CONFLICT ZONES

What is the issue?

As illustrated with the tragic loss of the flight MH17 in 2014, one of the challenges civil aviation faces is the protection from the risks arising from conflict zones. This issue has an evident cross border dimension and cannot be effectively addressed by any States on its own. A need for action has therefore been recognised both at the European and global level, in the context of ICAO.

What are the main takeaways of the ICAO Assembly?

A joint position has been presented by Europe, Australia and Malaysia at the ICAO Assembly. It calls for the timely collection and rapid dissemination of information about conflict zones to ensure that airline operators are aware of the risks and avoid those zones. It also asks for States to take their responsibilities in the closure of their airspace because the safety of civil aviation operations could be endangered due to conflict zones. These proposals have been supported by the Assembly and will be implemented.

  1. DRONES

What is the issue?

The development of the drone industry has accelerated over recent years. To address this growing reality, a number of States have developed provisions regulating the use of drones. While most activities are likely to remain in a national airspace – and therefore outside of ICAO's remit - operations will eventually engage in international civil aviation. Action at global level will therefore be needed.

What initiatives have already been taken in Europe?

In the context of its Aviation Strategy, the Commission has proposed a framework to unleash the potential of drones on the EU market while ensuring the safety of operations. This framework should support innovation, boost the EU's economy and contribute to jobs creation in line with the Juncker Commission main priorities. The legislative proposal is currently being discussed by the European Parliament and the Council.

What are the main takeaways of the ICAO Assembly?

The need to act at global level was agreed as well as the importance of ensuring consistence between actions at global level and those taken at national or regional level, and to take into account actions already developed by States of group of States.

  1. CO2 STANDARD FOR AIRCRAFT EMISSIONS

What happened during the Assembly?

The Assembly formally endorsed the first ever CO2 standard for aircraft, after six years of international negotiations. By 2040, the CO2 standard could help save up to 650 million tonnes of CO₂.

How will the standard work in practice?

The stringency and applicability dates, which the CO2 standard imposes, will depend on the weight of the aircraft and whether it concerns a "new type" aircraft or an "in-production" aircraft. For large new aircraft types, the standard will apply from 2020. By 2028, existing aircraft types will also have to apply the new standard.

  1. SUSTAINABLE GLOBAL AIR TRANSPORT

What happened during the Assembly?

The Commission and ICAO signed a declaration of intent renewing their partnership to address climate change through financial assistance and capacity building projects. Through this partnership, the Commission will support the implementation of the GMBM in targeted states. The Assembly also reviewed the progress made with the assistance provided to States in implementing global air transport rules, notably in the context of the No Country Left Behind initiative.

More information

Statement by Violeta Bulc, EU Commissioner for Transport

Press release: Commission welcomes landmark international agreement to curb aviation emissions

Infographics

The Resolution on the GMBM (ICAO Website)

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Press release – Human rights: Philippines, Somalia and Zimbabwe

Parliament condemns the current wave of extrajudicial executions and killings in the Philippines, deteriorating security and widespread intimidation in Somalia, and growing violence against demonstrators and breaches of human rights in Zimbabwe, in three resolutions voted on Thursday.

Extrajudicial executions and killings in the Philippines

 

MEPs strongly condemn the attack on a night market in the city of Davao, Philippines, on 2 September 2016, which left at least 14 people dead and 70 wounded, and convey their condolences to the victims’ relatives. They call on the EU Delegation to "monitor carefully the 'rule of lawlessness’” declared by the Philippine Government after the attack.

Drug trafficking and drug abuse in the Philippines remain a serious national and international concern, note MEPs. They understand that millions of people are hurt by the high level of drug addiction and its consequences in the country but are also concerned by the "extraordinarily high numbers killed during police operations in the context of an intensified anti-crime and anti-drug campaign": from 1 July to 4 September 2016, police killed a thousand suspected drug pushers and users and arrested more than 15,000 drug suspects, according to figures released by the Philippine National Police.

MEPs urge the Philippines government to put an end to the current wave of extrajudicial executions and killings, launch an "immediate investigation" into them and adopt "specific, comprehensive policies and programmes", in full compliance with national and international obligations and respect for human rights.

 

Killings, arrests, and widespread intimidation in Somalia

 

The European Parliament condemns the perpetrators of the recent terrorist attacks in Somalia, attributed to the Al-Shabab insurgent group, and also the many killings and arrests, widespread intimidation, closure of critical media outlets, confiscation of equipment and blocking of websites. The Somali authorities should urgently act to ensure that all violations of the right to freedom of expression are fully investigated, it says.

Parliament calls for a strengthening of the national security architecture and protection of the population, as Somalia is now in a crucial transition period, after two decades of civil war, absence of state control and terrorism. An "all-inclusive dialogue is needed between the country’s social sectors, including the clans and tribes that compose the Somalian nation", say MEPs, recalling that lasting stability and peace can be achieved only through "social inclusion, sustainable development and good governance based on the democratic principles and rule of law."

MEPs urge the African Union (AU) and troop-contributing countries to ensure that allegations of sexual violence by the African Union Mission in Somalia’s (AMISOM), the 22,000-strong African Union peacekeeping mission, are properly and thoroughly investigated and that those responsible are brought to justice. They call for better EU monitoring and capacity building to ensure accountability for abuses by AMISOM, especially given that the EU is responsible for the bulk of its funding.

 

Human rights breaches in Zimbabwe

 

MEPs express serious concern about the growing violence against demonstrators – informal traders, unemployed young people and, now, professional people – who have taken to the streets in urban centres across Zimbabwe to protest against job losses, mass unemployment and the government’s failure to meet people’s basic economic expectations. They also note with alarm the recently announced one-month ban on demonstrations. The "rise in the number of arbitrary arrests of human rights defenders" worries MEPs, who urge that the rule of law should be respected.

The Zimbabwean authorities should release all political prisoners immediately and unconditionally and not interfere with the independence of the judiciary, urge MEPs. They condemn the recent statements by President Mugabe attacking the judiciary.

The EU Council and Commission should consider reimposing certain EU restrictive measures against the Zimbabwe regime, while making it clear that these will be removed and that an assistance package will be made available once Zimbabwe is clearly on the path towards democracy, the rule of law and respect for human rights, say MEPs, who believe that the lifting of the bulk of restrictive measures was premature.

 

Procedure: Non-legislative resolutions


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Press release – MEPs back trade deal with six African countries

The European Parliament approved an agreement granting duty-free access to the EU for products from Namibia, Mozambique, Botswana, Swaziland and Lesotho, and improved market access for South Africa on Wednesday.

 “This agreement will help our African partner states to reduce poverty and can also facilitate their smooth and gradual integration into the world economy. There are also many safeguards in the deal to ensure that local people truly benefit from this cooperation. The language on human rights and sustainable development is one of the strongest that you will find in any EU agreement”, said rapporteur Alexander Graf Lambsdorff (ALDE, DE), before the vote.

MEPs approved the deal by 417 votes to 216, with 66 abstentions.

Free access to EU markets

The Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) with six member states of the South African Development Community (SADC) establishes a "positive discrimination", ensuring immediate duty- and quota-free access for their exports to the EU market. It also creates new regional opportunities through more flexible use of rules of origin.

The African countries will liberalise 86% of their trade with the EU (Mozambique 74%) over ten years with the exception of agricultural and fishery products. The deal replaces the previous interim agreements based on unilateral trade preferences and complies with World Trade Organisation (WTO) rules.

Safeguards

While the agreement covers only trade and development cooperation, it leaves the door open for services, investment, intellectual property and public procurement. To mitigate potential negative impacts on the SADC countries, several safeguards were added to the deal. The EU undertook not to subsidize its agricultural exports to these countries.

The deal also lists trade-related areas that could benefit from EU development cooperation funding, but none is pledged at this stage.

Monitoring

In a July resolution, international trade MEPs advocated strengthening the monitoring of the agreement to ensure that “its benefits for the people are maximized”. The committee also tabled an oral question to the Commission for this plenary on parliamentary oversight and civil society monitoring.

Next steps: The deal will enter into force once the Council formally approves it and the national parliaments of the six African states ratify the text.

Note to the editors: in the Cotonou Partnership Agreement of 2000, African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries and the EU agreed to negotiate reciprocal, though asymmetric, trade agreements to comply with WTO rules and to support these countries’ development and integration into the world economy.

Negotiations were to be concluded by the end of 2007, but the process took longer and the EU finished negotiations with six states of the SADC Group in July 2014. Angola finally decided not to enter into the agreement, but may join in the future. 

Negotiations with six SADC states ended in 2014. The other eight (Democratic Republic of Congo, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Seychelles, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe) belong to other regional EPA groupings.

 

Procedure:  Consent

2016/0005(NLE)

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Motion for a resolution on the situation in Zimbabwe – B8-2016-1010

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to Rule 135 of its Rules of Procedure,

A.  whereas President Robert Mugabe has been in office since 1987; whereas he had been prime minister from 1980 to 1987; whereas his re-election in 2013 led to numerous accounts of electoral fraud;

B.  whereas Zimbabwe ranks 150th out of 167 in the Transparency International corruption perceptions index of 2015;

C.  whereas Zimbabwe has an unemployment rate of 95%; whereas that figure is difficult to confirm due to the magnitude of the “informal economy”, whereas Zimbabwe’s unemployment rate still has to be considered to be one of the highest in the world;

D.  whereas Zimbabwe was called the “bread basket of Africa” before the “Fast-track land reform program” directed predominantly against farmers of European descent and their workers since 2000; whereas agricultural production has collapsed since then, leading to massive malnutrition and famine;

E.  whereas Zimbabwe’s Finance minister Patrick Chinamasa has started talks to compensate the farmers whose land, farms and equipment have been seized; whereas president Mugabe has counteracted that development by threatening the few remaining farmers of European descent with eviction on 8 April 2016;

F.   whereas several peaceful demonstrations against government policies have been violently broken up by the police during the last weeks;

G.  whereas tens of people who had been arrested during the demonstration of 26 August in Harare have been taken the president’s ruling Zanu-PF party and beaten up by men in plainclothes;

H.  whereas President Mugabe publicly attacked the Higher Court judges allowing demonstrations to take place;

I.  whereas Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC) Chairman Elasto Mugwadi accused ruling party members of telling political opponents they were not allowed any food aid;

K.  whereas on 15 February 2016, the Council adopted a decision extending EU restrictive measures against Zimbabwe until 20 February 2017; whereas 76 people, however, were removed from the list;

1.  Encourages the government of Zimbabwe to compensate farmers for their seized land, farms and equipment;

2.  Considers this to be a fundamental step towards legal security, necessary to attract foreign investments, to create economic growth and combat famine and poverty;

3.  Condemns any threat to evict the few remaining farmers of European descent in Zimbabwe;

4.   Condemns all violations of human rights in Zimbabwe;

5.  Calls upon the Council to enlarge the list of people touched by restrictive measures if the situation does not improve;

2.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the government of Zimbabwe, the Council and the Commission.

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Motion for a resolution on Zimbabwe – B8-2016-1000

The European Parliament,

-having regard to its previous resolutions on Zimbabwe, notably those of 7 February 2013 and 25 May 2015 on the case of human rights defender late Itai Dzamara,

-having regard to the National Indicative Programme (NIP) for Zimbabwe,

-having regard to the EU Annual Action Programme for Zimbabwe adopted in 2015,

-having regard to Council Regulation (EU) 2016/214 of 15 February 2016 amending Regulation (EC) N° 314/2004 concerning certain restrictive measures in respect of Zimbabwe, extending sanctions by one year,

-having regard to Local EU Statement on Local Governance on 30 June 2016 violence and the one on violence on 12 July 2016, both issued in Harare,

-having regard to the African Charter of Human and Peoples’ Rights of June 1981, which Zimbabwe has ratified,

-having regard to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights of 1966 policies,

-having regard to the Universal Declaration of Haman Rights of 1948,

-having regard to the Constitution of Zimbabwe,

-having regard to the Cotonou Agreement,

-having regard to Rule 135 of its Rules of procedure,

A.whereas veteran President Robert Mugabe has dominated the country's political scene for 36 years ; whereasthe longstanding partnership between the EU and the people of Zimbabwe begun with Zimbabwe's independence from Great Britain in 1980, providing development assistance to the country;

B.whereas since 2000 Zimbabwe has struggled to feed its own people due to severe droughts and the effects of a land reform programme, which saw the seizure of white-owned farms redistributed to landless black Zimbabweans, which led to sharp falls in production;

C.whereas cash-strapped and impoverished, Zimbabwe's economy faces severe challenges, unemployment and poverty became endemic and political strife and repression commonplace; whereas many Zimbabweans have left the country in search of work in South Africa; whereas, according to a report this week by the Commission of Human Rights in Zimbabwe, the government is accused of denying food aid to opposition supporters, an aid distributed by the government but often purchased with donations from the international community;

D.whereas the EU and its member states have since 2009 provided over US$1 billion in development assistance, with an emphasis on supporting the provision of social services and food security, reinforcing democratic institutions, and fostering economic recovery;

E.whereas the National Indicative Programme (NIP) for Zimbabwe has been allocated 234 million euro for the period of 2014-2020 under the 11th European Development Fund (EDF) with focus on 3 main sectors, namely: health, agriculture based economic development and governance (la gestion des finances publiques) and institution building; (la magistrature, Commission électorale du Zimbabwe); Rappelle que l’UE est le troisième plus grand donateur après les Etats Unis et le Royaume-Uni;

F.whereas the current situation in Zimbabwe with regard to human rights, democracy and rule of law is worsening; que la disparition forcée en mars dernier du journaliste et militant politique Itai Dzamara reste non élucidée; whereas discontent has been growing in the country for several months due to social and economic crises, the restriction of the rights of freedom of expression for journalists and human rights defenders through arbitrary arrests, detentions and prosecutions; whereas the government blocked Internet access and social media text messaging to obstruct people protesting traffic police corruption, widespread poverty and lack of jobs;

G.whereas “the tide has turned” since Pastor Evan Mawarire launched the movement “This Flag” as a peaceful citizen sling by posting a video clip where he denounced the mismanagement of the government, which plunged into a serious economic crisis since the early 2000s; whereas CODE (Coalition of Democrats- alliance of opposition parties) states that since the installation of the ZANU-PF government in 2013 after the elections of that year, the people of Zimbabwe have been enduring extreme hardships: the economy collapsed, with the attendant loss of jobs, incomes and livelihoods, decimation of production and productive assets;

H.whereas increasing poverty exacerbated by a long drought, due notamment au phénomène climatique El Nino, the financial crisis and the non-payment of salaries of civil servants in June and the ban by the government to import essential commodities from South Africa, are the main factors that led people to take to the streets and ensure the success of the general strike on July 6th 2016; whereas Pastor Evan Mawarire was accused of leading a “campaign to overthrow or attempted to overthrow the government by unconstitutional means” have been arrested on 13 July 2016 but finally released; whereas, on Friday 26 August 2016, a demonstration organised by 18 opposition political parties and the civil society has degenerated and there were more than 60 demonstrators arrested;

I.whereas the political opposition, led by Morgan Tsvangirai (former prime-minister of the country) and Joyce Mujuru (former Mugabe’s vice-president), says that on every Friday demonstrations will be organised in Harare, the capital city until the general elections of 2018; whereas on the civil society side, the campaign “This Flag” is at the forefront of the protests;

J.whereas the government banned all demonstrations in the capital city Harare on Thursday 1st September 2016, while a protest was planned for the next day and that the country has been shaken for several weeks by a significant protest movement against the confiscation of the power by President Mugabe;

K.whereas the veterans of the independence struggle, close allies of Mugabe in the ruling party, boycotted his speech on 8 August 2016, denouncing his dictatorial drift and his failure to solve the grave economic crisis plaguing the country since 2000; whereas the President lived the boycott as a betrayal and, in retaliation, he arrested 3 members of the National Association of Independence Veterans;

L.whereas Zimbabwe’s 92 years old president and oldest president in the world has a clear succession plan as he is up for re-election and is preparing his 50-year old wife, Grace Mugabe, to which he wants to pass over the presidency; qu’une lutte pour le pouvoir oppose Grace Mugabe au premier vice-président Emmerson Mnangagwa, soutenu par l'appareil sécuritaire et des anciens combattants thus a considerable uncertainty exists about whether a stable succession will take place even if he dies or departs the presidency by other means;

1. Notes with great concern the continued deterioration of the human rights situation since the installation of the ZANU-PF government in 2013 and in particular during the last 3 months; strongly condemns the use of brutal force against peaceful demonstrators on 6 July 2016;

2. welcomes the lifting of the ban on demonstration in the capital city Harare and greets the courage of the justice which acted in line with sections 50 and 59 of the Zimbabwean Constitution ; deplores the attempt by Mugabe to interfere with the judiciary after the lifting of the ban on demonstrations;

3. recalls to Zimbabwean authorities that freedom of assembly, association and expression are essential components of any democracy and are enshrined in the Constitution of the country; calls on the government of Zimbabwe to put an end to the harassment and human rights abuses against human rights defenders, journalists and members of civil society; demande que toute la lumière soit faite sur la disparition forcée du journaliste et militant politique Itai Dzamara et que les responsables soient traduits en justice;

4. urges President Mugabe, his government and his leading party, the ZANU-PF to take heed of the people’s call for change ; notes objectively that the post- Mugabe time must be anticipated;

5. supports the Council regulation of 15 February 2016 concerning certain restrictive measures in respect of Zimbabwe;

6. insists that the EU must insure that the funding to Zimbabwe for the NIP effectively addresses the allocated sectors; appeals to the international community, the development partners of Zimbabwe to take urgent and effective measures to help Zimbabwean people of whom 1.5 million people were in need of food aid during the 2015-2016 lean period leading up to the next harvest according to Amnesty International report;

7.condamne les expulsions forcées et arbitraires qui ont lieu tant dans la capitale que dans l’ensemble du pays;

8. calls on the EU and its Member states to work toward a contingency plan, given the plight of Zimbabwe and its humanitarian needs, to continue to offer and increase its assistance in order to promote democracy, protection of human rights and the rule of law through civil society organisations, so that Zimbabwe can become a free and prosperous country;

9. instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the governments and the parliaments of the Member states, the government and the parliament of Zimbabwe, the Council of the African Union and the Secretary General of the UN.

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