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Training Future Managers Today for Controlling the Insect Pests of Tomorrow

An insect pest birth control to manage many insect pests

SIT has been successfully used on different insect pests including fruit flies, tsetse flies, moths, screwworms and, to some extent, disease-transmitting mosquitos for which the technique is being developed and validated through several field pilot tests. To help participants learn more about the broad applicability of SIT, the course covered a variety of insect pests and brought together scientists with different specializations and different regions, to foster information exchange among experts and participants.

“Even though insect biologies are very different, the technology is the same, and management-wise is the same. I think you can apply what you do with fruit flies to what you do with tsetse, and vice versa,” said Cardoso Pereira. “Looking at a range of insect pests gives the big picture and can help increase management skills because you learn from other examples, other participants, and other situations. It gives you a lot of background for the future.”

Participants had backgrounds in, respectively, fruit flies, tsetse flies, moths, screwworms and mosquitos, and came from Argentina, Australia, Bangladesh, Botswana, Brazil, Chile, China, Dominican Republic, Fiji, Guatemala, Malaysia, Mauritius, Mexico, Pakistan, South Africa, Senegal, Sudan, Thailand, Uruguay, Viet Nam, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

One participant, Suwannapa Ninphanomchai, a project manager at the Center of Excellence for Vectors and Vector-Borne Diseases in Thailand, explained how one fruit fly expert shared an awareness raising video that she thought could help her address local people as part of her project on mosquitos.

“Mosquitos are a main carrier of dengue fever and malaria in Thailand. Last year, we had about 10,000 cases of dengue in our country and it happens all the time so it is very important that we implement the right measures to deal with this insect,” said Ninphanomchai. “We need cooperation from the local people, and sometimes local people don’t understand why it is their responsibility. A video like this can help.”

The training course was organized by the Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture, in conjunction with the IAEA’s technical cooperation programme, and is expected to reoccur every two years for the next four years. The next course will be held again in 2017.

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Releasing Disaster Funds Before Crises Would Transform Humanitarian Response

Farai Maringi collecting fertiliser for her crops during training on climate-smart agriculture in Mwenezi, Zimbabwe. Funds were released through the FoodSECuRE initiative based on grim El Nino drought predictions. Copyright WFP/ Tatenda Macheka

ROME/PARIS – As the world negotiates a new climate deal, the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), together with German Red Cross (GRC), unveiled a forecast-based approach which would transform the humanitarian system. This new approach will release funds for disaster preparedness and response before the crisis occurs while providing the necessary funds for resilience building activities.

WFP’s Food Security Climate Resilience Facility (FoodSECuRE) will shift the humanitarian model from a reactive system to one that looks forward and saves more lives, time and money. Both FoodSECuRE and a Red Cross project in Uganda – one in a range of Red Cross-Red Crescent forecast-based financing pilot projects – have been activated in recent weeks to meet climate-related disasters, the dramatic predictions of El Niño and extreme weather.

An anticipatory response not only protects people’s lives: new WFP research shows it also saves money. A 2015 FoodSECuRE analysis in Sudan and Niger shows that using a forecast-based system would lower the cost of the humanitarian response by 50 percent.

FoodSECuRE unlocks funds before disasters, but also ensures that funds are available between cycles of disasters, because only through reliable, multi-year funding will vulnerable people build their resilience to the effects of climate change.

“The humanitarian system is increasingly stretched financially and operationally. More weather disasters require responses in more places and for longer periods. We need new approaches. Now we have the tools to respond before a disaster hits and between recurrent disasters – it’s the only way to help lift vulnerable people out of a cycle of chronic hunger and poverty, for good,” said WFP Executive Director Ertharin Cousin. “Turning the FoodSECuRE tool into a meaningful global facility will require mobilizing US$400 million.”

In Guatemala and Zimbabwe, funds have been released through FoodSECuRE in areas where drought risk is high due to El Niño. Farmers have been trained to grow drought-resistant crops and to change their agricultural practices to conserve both soil and water, so that even if the harvest is bad, people will still have food on the table.

Increasing climate disasters, humanitarian needs and short-term financing mechanisms mean that new approaches are urgently required. FoodSECuRE blends scientific forecasting mechanisms with flexible long-term financing that helps people build their resilience.

The Red Cross Red Crescent has seven operational pilot projects of this new approach around the world. “Using state-of-the-art weather and climate forecasts, we can trigger action to prepare for disaster,” says Garry Conille, Under Secretary General of the IFRC. “Now, what is needed is a comprehensive strategy to fund the development and operationalization of forecast-based finance systems at the national and international level.”
In Uganda, funds were released from a novel German Red Cross (GRC) preparedness fund to allow the Uganda Red Cross to distribute items based on a flood forecast. With a few days’ anticipation of rising water levels, Red Cross volunteers distributed water purification tablets and flood protection items to hundreds of vulnerable families. This is part of a project funded by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development.

“Because of this El Niño that is battering this country, the Ugandan Government and the Uganda Red Cross were able to do some pre-emptive interventions in Uganda,” said Minister Musa Ecweru of Uganda at the Understanding Risk and Finance conference in Addis Ababa. “This is a real departure from our tradition of waiting until it arrives and then we act.”

The German Federal Foreign Office’s Action Plan on Climate, coordinated by the GRC, meanwhile, centres on forecast-based financing pilots by WFP or National Societies in Bangladesh, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Mozambique, Nepal, Peru and the Philippines.

#               #                 #

About the World Food Programme

WFP is the world's largest humanitarian agency fighting hunger worldwide, delivering food assistance in emergencies and working with communities to improve nutrition and build resilience. Each year, WFP assists some 80 million people in around 80 countries.

Follow WFP on Twitter @wfp_media and @wfp and @RChoularton

About the IFRC

The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is the world’s largest volunteer-based humanitarian network, reaching 150 million people each year through its 189 member National Societies. Together, IFRC acts before, during and after disasters and health emergencies to meet the needs and improve the lives of vulnerable people. It does so with impartiality as to nationality, race, gender, religious beliefs, class and political opinions.

For more information, please visit www.ifrc.org. You can also connect with us on Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and Flickr.

About the German Red Cross

The German Red Cross is part of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, and contributes to humanitarian aid worldwide, both in acute emergencies and in long-term development cooperation, currently working in some 50 countries of Africa, Asia, the Americas, Europe and the Middle East.

For more information please contact:

(email address: firstname.lastname@wfp.org):
Fiona Guy, WFP/Rome, Paris, Tel. +39 06 6513 3187, Mob. +39 349 9208584
Frances Kennedy, WFP/Rome, Tel. +39 06 6513 3725, Mob. +39 346 7600806
Gregory Barrow, WFP/London, Tel +44 7508 868 997, Mob. +44 7968008474
Gerald Bourke, WFP/New York, Tel +1-646 556 6907, Mob. +1 646 525 9982

Benoit Matsha-Carpentier, IFRC public communications team leader
(email: benoit.carpentier@ifrc.org) Tel: +41 79 213 24 13

German Red Cross
Alexandra Rüth, Coordination Climate Change Adaptation, German Red Cross, Berlin
(RuethA@drk.de ) Tel +49 30 85404-326; Follow GRC on twitter @AlexandraRuetha

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World AIDS Day: record drop in cost of HIV treatment

Nov 30, 2015

Despite tremendous progress over the last two decades, AIDS continues to be a devastating disease affecting millions of people around the world, with 36.9 million people currently living with HIV.

Yet on the occasion of this World AIDS Day, there is cause for celebration. Through the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)-Global Fund partnership, the cost of the HIV medicines has dropped to an unprecedented US$100 per person per year in Equatorial Guinea, Haiti, Mali, South Sudan, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

“This is an extraordinary feat that will help us to save more lives, yet we cannot lose sight of the significant challenges that remain,” said Mandeep Dhaliwal, Director of UNDP's HIV, Health and Development Group. “If we want to end AIDS as a public health threat by 2030, we need to bolster our efforts to ensure that anyone with HIV anywhere in the world has access to the right treatment at an affordable cost,” said Dhaliwal, adding that a range of actions by UNDP have led to improved procurement planning with countries and manufacturers, discounts on large volumes, pooled orders, and reductions in transport and handling costs.

Fifteen years ago, antiretroviral therapy cost more than US$10,000 per patient per year. Within a year this exorbitant price plummeted to US$350 per year when generic manufacturers began to offer treatment. Since then, owing to competition among quality-assured generic manufacturers, the cost of treatment continued to fall to around US$150 per patient per year. These dramatic price reductions has made it possible to provide HIV treatment to 15.8 million people, up from a mere 700,000 people in 2000.

This recent price reduction to below US$100 per patient per year achieved by UNDP applies to the one-pill combination of three HIV medicines, known as TLE (Tenofovir, Lamivudine and Efavirenz), a regimen recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) and most widely-used first-line antiretroviral therapy.

These savings free up funds for countries to put more people on treatment and keep more people alive. An extra US$25 million can now be used to put an additional 250,000 people on life-saving HIV treatment. Putting additional people on treatment contributes to curbing new infections and realizing the global goal of ending AIDS as a public health threat by 2030.

In 2014 alone, there were 1.2 million deaths from AIDS-related illnesses and two million new HIV infections. UNDP currently supports the implementation of HIV grants financed by the Global Fund in 19 countries. Through these programmes, 2.2 million people living with HIV currently receive life-saving antiretroviral therapy.

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Press Releases

  • Breakthrough brings cost of HIV treatment to under $100 per patient per yearNov 27, 2015UNDP has achieved significant reductions in the price of HIV medicines that it procures, bringing down the cost of the most common treatment to an unprecedented US$100 per patient per year in Equatorial Guinea, Haiti, Mali, South Sudan, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Through these price reductions UNDP is saving US$ 25 million that are being used to put an additional 250,000 people on life-saving HIV treatment.

  • Equator prize to bring Indigenous Peoples issues to forefront of Paris climate conferenceNov 24, 2015Lineup that includes Alec Baldwin, Colin and Livia Firth, Helen Clark, Mary Robinson and music by Amadou & Mariam will honor local leadership on climate change .

  • UNDP Africa launches initiative to help prevent and respond to violent extremismNov 23, 2015UNDP's Regional Bureau for Africa today launched an initiative to support African countries to prevent and respond to the growth of violent extremism through a development lens.

  • 40th UNDP-supported country submits its COP21 pledge to tackle climate changeNov 20, 2015UNDP welcomes the presentation of the Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) from St. Vincent & the Grenadines, marking the completion of the 40th such INDC supported by UNDP to date.

  • Biking to improve livelihoods in Mozambique: Low-cost branded bicycles drive new BCtA member Mozambikes’ inclusive businessNov 20, 2015Mozambikes, an award-winning Mozambique-based social enterprise, has joined the Business Call to Action (BCtA) with a commitment to improve the lives and livelihoods of 50,000 of the country’s poorest people through the sale of affordable branded bicycles by 2018. The company will also establish a national sales and distribution network to provide an additional 125,000 people with transportation by 2020.

  • New Grant to Support Human Rights in 10 African CountriesNov 19, 2015The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Global Fund have signed a US$10.5 million grant to address human rights barriers faced by vulnerable communities in Africa, and facilitate access to lifesaving health care. The grant is the first of its kind and will cover 10 countries including Botswana, Côte d'Ivoire, Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria, Senegal, the Seychelles, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia.

  • Sierra Leone launches first mobile financial services guidelines.Nov 19, 2015The Central Bank, Bank of Sierra Leone, in partnership with the UN Development Programme and the United Nations Capital Development Fund, launches the country’s first mobile money regulations to accelerate the delivery of financial services to the poor, including women and youth.

  • UNDP Administrator visits AfghanistanNov 18, 2015Ms. Helen Clark, UNDP Administrator and Chair of the UN Development Group, concluded a three day visit to Afghanistan, where she met with the President, Chief Executive, and UN and development partners. Government capacity building, Sustainable Development Goals and Migration, were some of the main issues on the agenda.

  • Indigenous Peoples take steps to have a voice in COP21Nov 18, 2015In partnership with UNDP, Indigenous Peoples from Brazilian Amazon to Pacific Islands hold urgent high-level dialogues with national governments to limit climate change, and ensure rights in new global climate agreement. Their involvement is fundamental in view of new research that highlights the enormous potential of Indigenous People’s solutions to climate change.

  • G20 Leaders: Call to Action on Inclusive BusinessNov 17, 2015Leaders at the G20 Leaders Summit in Antalaya, Turkey issued a call to action to public and private sector representatives, international organizations and civil society to advance the ability of businesses around the world to integrate low-income people into their value chains.

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    Nov 27, 2015

    Savings provide funds for an additional 250,000 people on HIV treatment

    Geneva – UNDP has achieved significant reductions in the price of HIV medicines that it procures, bringing down the cost of the most common treatment to an unprecedented US$100 per patient per year in Equatorial Guinea, Haiti, Mali, South Sudan, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Through these price reductions UNDP is saving US$ 25 million that are being used to put an additional 250,000 people on life-saving HIV treatment.

    UNDP currently supports the implementation of HIV grants financed by the Global Fund in 19 countries. Through these programmes, 2.2 million people living with HIV currently receive life-saving antiretroviral therapy.  

    Back in 2000, HIV medicine cost over US$ 10,000 per patient per year. Within a year this prohibitive price plummeted when generic manufacturers began to offer treatment for US$ 350 per year. Since then, and thanks to healthy competition among quality-assured generic manufacturers, the price continued to fall to around US $ 150 per patient per year. These dramatic price reductions made it possible to provide HIV treatment to 15.8 million people, up from a mere 700,000 people 15 years ago.

    The most recent further price reduction below US$100 per patient per year achieved by UNDP applies to the one-pill combination of three HIV medicines, known as TLE (Tenofovir, Lamivudine and Efavirenz), a regimen recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) and most widely-used first-line antiretroviral therapy.

    A range of actions by UNDP have led to long-term agreements and improved procurement planning with countries and manufacturers, discounts on large volumes, pooled orders, and reductions in transport and handling costs. Increased competition between manufacturers has led to a broadening supply base and  support from partners including the Global Fund, UNICEF, and WHO.

    These savings free up funds for countries to put more people on treatment and keep more people alive. Putting additional people on treatment contributes to curbing new infections and realizing the global goal of ending AIDS as a public health threat by 2030.

    The value of TLE medicines procured by UNDP through long-term agreements in 2014 - 2015 reached US$ 150 million. The combination of various savings have now totaled US$ 25 million thanks to these price reductions. The savings are freeing up resources that can now buy HIV medicines for an additional 250,000 people, the equivalent of all HIV patients in the UK, Germany and France combined.

    As a notable success story, the Ministry of Health and Child Care in Zimbabwe is providing HIV treatment to 850,000 people and is set to reach 1 million people next year, with the support of the Global Fund, PEPFAR, DFID and UNDP.

    In this latest round of procurement, UNDP was able to purchase 4.8 million packs of medicines for US$ 40 million for Zimbabwe – resulting in savings of over US$ 11 million compared to previous orders. With these savings, an additional 110,000 people in Zimbabwe can now be put on HIV treatment – the equivalent of all HIV patients in the France and Sweden combined.

    The environment is also benefiting from these cost savings. More than 200 medicine shipments this year were made through a new mechanism that optimizes transportation costs, including using sea and overland freight in lieu of air shipments. This is a double win with more people on life-saving treatment because of reduced costs of treatment and a reduction of CO2 emissions.


    UNDP partners with people at all levels of society to help build nations that can withstand crisis, and drive and sustain the kind of growth that improves the quality of life for everyone. On the ground in more than 170 countries and territories, we offer global perspective and local insight to help empower lives and build resilient nations.

    Contact Information

    Sarah Bel, Communication Specialist: sarah.bel@undp.org

    Tel: + 41 79 934 11 17

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    UN Gender Focus: LGBTI equality, HIV prevention in Zimbabwe and women in Afghanistan

    19 Nov 2015

    Listen /

    One of the brides with one of their daughters. Photo courtesy of Daniela Mercury

    Brazilian celebrity same-sex wedding video premiered at UN

    A video of a celebrity wedding which took place in Brazil is being premiered at the UN as part of an event to highlight a decade of progress in Latin America in protecting the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex or LGBTI people. The video features Daniela Mercury a Brazilian singer who has sold more than 20 million albums. Ms Mercury left her husband and married her girlfriend in 2013. She's supporting the UN's for LGBTI equality with the release of the video of their wedding. Charles Radcliffe, chief of global issues at the UN human rights office, has been speaking to Daniel Dickinson.

    Stella S. Dongo. Photo: Rotary International/Monika Lozinska

    Training in business skills and HIV prevention empowers women and youth in Zimbabwe

    Programmes that promote women's entrepreneurship and educate adolescents about HIV and AIDS have changed the lives of more than 6,000 people in Zimbabwe. That's according to Stella S. Dongo who heads the Community Empowerment Project, which was established as a means to lessen the impact of the 2008 global economic meltdown on citizens of the southern African country. Ms Dongo was recently honoured by Rotary as a 'Global Woman of Action.'  The international charity has had a longstanding relationship with the UN and hosts 'Rotary Day at the UN' each November. She tells Dianne Penn why it is important to invest in women and young people during tough times.

    Participants at civil society-led Afghan Peoples Dialogue for Peace initiative. File Photo: UNAMA/Fardin Waezi

    Afghan women want peace "but not at any cost"

    Women in Afghanistan want peace, "but not at any cost" according to a UN human rights and gender expert in the country. The central Asian nation continues to recover from decades of instability, including the threat posed by the outlawed Taliban movement, with which the government is trying to forge a peace deal.  Federica Seymandi is a human rights officer for the UN mission in Afghanistan, UNAMA. Daniel Dickinson asked her what changes Afghan women would like to see in their country.

    Presenter: Veronica Reeves
    Production Assistant: Ana Carmo
    Duration: 10'00″

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    The Last Known Ebola Patient in Africa Has Recovered

    At this rate, ebola will have been fully contained before the start of 2016.  The last known Ebola patient in Guinea, a 21-day-old baby girl, has recovered at a treatment centre in the capital, Conakry, health officials say.A spokesman for Guinea’s Ebola co-ordination unit said two tests on the baby had been negative. Guinea will be declared officially free of Ebola if no new cases are reported in the next six weeks.” (BBC http://bbc.in/1X5Kq0z)

    Many Feared  Killed in in Nigeria Blast…”Heavy casualties were feared on Tuesday when a bomb blast ripped through packed crowds in Yola, northeast Nigeria, just days after President Muhammadu Buhari visited declaring that Boko Haram were close to defeat.Tuesday’s blast was the first in Nigeria this month, indicating the army’s strategy to cut off the Islamists’ supply lines and target their camps was paying off.

    Buhari has set his military commanders a deadline of the end of next month to crush the rebels, who have increasingly taken to attacking border areas of neighbouring Chad, Niger and Cameroon.” (AFP http://bit.ly/1PyLJ92 )

    Ban Ki Moon to DPRK? “U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon will visit North Korea’s capital Pyongyang this week, South Korea’s Yonhap news agency reported on Monday, though there was no confirmation from either the United Nations or the South Korean foreign ministry. The Yonhap report quoted an unnamed U.N. source, who expected Ban would meet North Korean leader Kim Jong Un in what could mark a rare diplomatic opening by the isolated state.” (Reuters http://reut.rs/1OPEuJM)

    Migrant tragedy at sea…A plastic boat carrying migrants capsized in the eastern Aegean Sea near the Greek island of Kos, killing at least nine people including four children, authorities said, as thousands of people continued to risk the short sea crossing from Turkey in unseaworthy vessels. (AP http://yhoo.it/1PyiWkU)

    A Syrian Refugee Family Diverted from Indiana at 11th Hour…A Syrian refugee family, after waiting for three years in Jordan to be approved to come to the United States, was finally set to land in Indianapolis on Wednesday. Instead, after Gov. Mike Pence of Indiana said on Monday that he would no longer accept Syrian refugees in his state, the family of three will be starting their new life in New Haven.” (NYT http://nyti.ms/1OPEpWL )

    There’s mounting evidence that no Syrian refugees were responsible for the Paris attacks. http://wapo.st/1PyMcYX

    Latest on the Paris Attacks: http://bbc.in/1PyLZF4


    Five Tanzanian gold miners have been rescued after spending 41 days trapped deep underground eating cockroaches and frogs to survive, the mining ministry and survivors said. (AFP http://yhoo.it/1HTE0zW)

    A severe fuel crisis has hit Nigeria with long queues of angry motorists waiting for hours outside petrol stations in major cities to fill up. (BBC http://bbc.in/1PyLYAU )

    South Sudan’s rebels said that government soldiers had launched attacks against their positions in oil-rich Unity State in what they said was a violation of a peace deal signed in August. (Reuters http://bit.ly/1S1QLc9)

    Rwanda’s senate unanimously approved a draft constitution to allow President Paul Kagame to seek a third term in office, the head of the senate said, clearing the path for a referendum that is not expected to face much opposition. (Reuters http://bit.ly/1QKdAmd)

    A Kenyan court charged the former head of the state-run Geothermal Development Company and other senior executives with abuse of office arising from the award of a contract for transporting drilling rigs. (Reuters http://bit.ly/1QKdxGN)

    African birth registration officials meeting in Cameroon say more than half of births in Africa are not registered, which can make it hard for children to enroll in school or access health care. Experts say legal reforms and education for parents and registration authorities are key. (VOA http://bit.ly/1S1PKAQ)

    A Burundian civil society leader has called on the international community to help strengthen Burundian civil society groups so that they can effectively play their role as the voices of the people. (VOA http://bit.ly/1OdL8GM)

    Officials of the International Criminal Court warned member states not to compromise judicial independence as Kenya began a renewed diplomatic push against charges faced by its deputy president. (Reuters http://bit.ly/1S1QKVt)

    With droughts wreaking havoc in vast areas of Zimbabwe, a majority of people are fast falling in line with climate-smart agriculture as food deficits continue. (IPS http://bit.ly/1SAx8rr)


    A ceasefire between Syria’s government and opposition could be just weeks away from reality, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said as he visited Paris to show solidarity with France after last week’s attacks. (AP http://yhoo.it/20ZRLn0)

    France made an unprecedented demand that its European Union allies support its military action against the Islamic State group and launched new airstrikes on the militants’ stronghold in Syria. (AP http://yhoo.it/1OdL8X9)

    Israel outlawed an Islamist group accused of inciting violence among Arab citizens amid a two-month wave of unrest, and in a separate development approved the construction of hundreds of homes in a Jewish settlement in east Jerusalem. (AP http://yhoo.it/1PyiSSi)

    Yemeni President Abdu Rabbu Mansour Hadi returned to his country for the second time since advancing Houthi fighters forced him to flee to ally Saudi Arabia in March. (VOA http://bit.ly/1PyiS4T)


    Tens of thousands of Burmese refugees living in Thailand are more optimistic about returning following the November 8 election wins of the National League for Democracy led by Aung San Suu Kyi. However, many who fled decades of conflict in Myanmar remain cautious. (VOA http://bit.ly/1HTDTV1)

    India has deployed the army and air force to rescue flood-hit residents in the southern state of Tamil Nadu, where at least 71 people have died in around a week of torrential rains. (AFP http://yhoo.it/1S1Qgi3)

    China needs to deepen its fight against separatists, intensify “de-radicalization” efforts, and increase global cooperation to defend against terrorism, the country’s domestic security chief wrote. (Reuters http://yhoo.it/1QKdBq1)

    An organisation that promotes leadership in Pakistan, a network that helps girls and young women working in the sex industry in Hong Kong and a project that supports Palestinian refugees in the West Bank are among 20 groups from 19 countries awarded grants of up to $50,000 each. (Guardian http://bit.ly/1HTDXEj)

    A new nationwide survey of public opinion in Afghanistan reports 58 percent of Afghans say the country is headed in the wrong direction. (VOA http://bit.ly/1HTDZfd)

    The Americas

    House Speaker Paul Ryan called for a pause in Syrian refugees coming to the U.S. in the wake of the Paris attacks and said the House will vote on the issue this week. (AP http://yhoo.it/1S1PnWX)

    A news report is citing a lawmaker who estimates that the burst of two dams at an iron ore mine in central Brazil caused $2.6 billion to $3.7 billion in damages. (AP http://yhoo.it/1HTE2rv)

    Colombia’s second largest rebel group, the National Liberation Army, has released two soldiers it kidnapped three weeks ago. (BBC http://bbc.in/1S1Ppy2)

    The leader of Venezuela’s National Assembly, Diosdado Cabello, accused the United States of kidnapping two nephews of first lady Cilia Flores. (BBC http://bbc.in/1HTDVfB)

    A parliamentary investigative panel is questioning Brazil’s one-time richest man about the estimated $2.5 billion in loans the country’s national development bank made to his oil, mining, logistics and ship-making empire. (AP http://yhoo.it/1HTE1UB)

    …and the rest

    UN Human Rights expert says Paris attacks ‘may constitute crime against humanity.’ (AP http://yhoo.it/1j5IffV)

    France invoked the European Union’s mutual assistance clause for the first time, asking its partners for military help and other aid in missions in the Middle East and Africa after the Paris attacks. (Reuters http://bit.ly/1QKdzP3)

    The discovery that one of the suicide bombers involved in the attacks in Paris last Friday was carrying a Syrian passport – and apparently had arrived on the shores of Greece last month on a refugee boat — has intensified the already heated debate over the migrant influx into Europe. (VOA http://bit.ly/1j5Io35)

    Hungary’s parliament authorized the government in a law passed to turn to the courts to challenge an EU decision on mandatory migrant relocation quotas for EU members. (Reuters http://yhoo.it/1HTDSQO)

    The United Nations urged states not to “backtrack” on pledges made to host migrants and refugees, including from Syria, in the wake of the attacks in Paris. (AFP http://yhoo.it/1HTDUYV)


    Radicalized French citizens come and go as the door slams on refugees (Humanosphere http://bit.ly/20ZTmJu)

    Lesser Known Apocalypses – the crisis of antibacterial resistance (UN Dispatch http://bit.ly/1NZNrPq)

    Why Germany is probably doing more for Syria than the UK (Roving Bandit http://bit.ly/1QKeNK0)

    Development From Below (Jacobin http://bit.ly/1OdAYWI)

    Terrorism continues to rise – what do the numbers tell us? (Dev Policy http://bit.ly/1S1S62F)

    Will Paris Attacks Act as Game-Changer in War Against ‘Islamic State’? (VOA http://bit.ly/1S1G9K4)

    Challenges for African Agriculture (Africa can end poverty http://bit.ly/1SAxD50)

    Without rule of law, conflict-affected areas will become poverty ghettoes (Guardian http://bit.ly/1QKeFKz)

    The good and the bad: Urbanization’s effect on food supply chains (Devex http://bit.ly/1NZNTxa)

    Could more women in power promote development? (Development that Works http://bit.ly/1QKeKhr)

    What does Argentina’s election mean for South America? (BBC http://bbc.in/1j5xoCJ)

    The Power of a Dollar (Jacobin http://bit.ly/1OdAYpr)



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